In this post I will be going, systematicaly, from the beginning of the article towards its end, in order to make more specific comments towards free thinking and argumentation.
At the end of SUMMARY, the author "suggests that the new ontology that Merleau-Ponty introduces could help to transform environmental thinking, but that careful argumentation is required to show this".
I agree with "careful argumentation", being a so revolutionary way of thinking. But it is not new, anyway, but "forgotten". Curiously the word "careful" is the key. What Shamanism, and Budhism teach us is to develop our power for careful attention and/or perception.
"eco-phenomenology", in the list of key-words, suggests to me about embodied and embeded phenomenology. To be "eco" means to begin, as observer, with a sentient body (embodied), and embeded within a ecosystem. These ideas, that seems logical, suposse just a radical epistemological revolution in so many areas and disciplines, which rest until today prisonner of the "brain-centrism"... for example,...
About Brook Article "INTRODUCTION":
To be aware of the real engagement of subject in ecosystem, we have mindfulness perception, where:
1) Your attention is on all the landscape, through walking, you are "scanning", along your way, without a special focus in a certain place, or object. Of course you see and enjoy objects or animals, or whatever you choose, but for short moments, and you continue your observation-walk again.
2) Mindfulness, by its row etymology, show us how the meanings have evolved in our history. Mindfulness means both: You are in close attention of your ecosystem and you are not thinking in that moment. All the attention is for the fussion within ecosystem. You lost, in moments, your own awareness as individuals, because you are in mindfulness. At the same time, mindfulness means, in its etymology shows us wholeness, but not of thoughts. Here the East meaning of Mind, as "the sixth sense", the integrator sense, adquires greatly our attention. Beacuse generaly people understand "mindfulness" as a "empty-mind" which is quiet, not thinking...
In last years, a close attention to Husserl shows that the core of Husserl phenomenology is also clearly in perception.
What is also great of saying here is the almost absence of Perception in general in biology and in science. As the science became "without subject" by objectification and objectivism, we as scientist were died and became objects too. Perception, being the basic tool of our lives, was in that way almost taken out from science (In the written science, but not in your biological and physical world of everyday life)
In David Abram book I had the luck to find his sense and meaning of "synesthesia". As you walk in a park, your senses are all them entangling through the holistic action of perception. You perceive with all your senses together. You cannot follow separating, neither for educational purposes, the senses as if they were five (separated senses). Synesthesia, thus, is actualy the mode as you perceive reality.
¿Alien? yes, in your unconscious. That is, you are living among all the sensation ocean shaping your life. But you were not "scientificaly" aware of that. In that way we propose that "unconscious" would be defined as that part of your everyday life and ecosystem, which is not mediated by your language. In that way the "Flesh" was evidently present in your life, but if you are scientist, and didn't have thought about that, in this case the "Flesh" was part of your "scientific" unconscious.
It is very important the "epoje" and phenomenal reduction of Husserl, to understand the "Flesh", or Sensosphere, or the World or Ocean of sensations, within which you are a "bundle of sensations" according to William James. Phenomenal reduction and epoje equal minfulness, this moment of extasis where you forgot your own separation of ecosystem. In shamanism is called "acechar", in Castaneda term.
Sensation, Emotion, and Thought change radicaly in its meanings. Thought always comes later than sensation. More experience you have walking and watching, more easy you would note this time lap going from sensation to thought. Emotion, by etymology, becoming the dynamic process involved in the process of sensation or perceiving. Emotion covers the movements, the active part of our observation. If you are happy and jump on your foot, these movements are emotions. Emotion are not what you think. Emotion is not thinking. generaly your emotions coming without, or previously to your thoughts.
Perception, Abduction and Thought. These reflections now coming from scientific texts. Abduction, as a "new" scientific logic, is our ability to translate our observation in fruitful thinking outcomes. Ecosystem is the row reserve of creativity. Sensosphere careful observation open to you a transfinite series of data, actualy a transfinite series of sensations. Fractality of ecosystems, are actualy transfinite. More times you walk in some path or road, more diferences you observe in your surroundings. We could say that any walk is almost new each time you walk. All the natural dynamicity of life and ecosystems are in that way accesible to your perception. And in that so open process, you are being feeding by dimensions, rhythms and symmetries. I think simple analogy dictates. You are always comparing, by default, your own perceptual memories, with the recent memories across your perception process. In that way, you are sensible to your own intelectual memories, and then, certain change, or singularity in your observation process of the physical world, make "an alert" in the way of a very nice intelectual thought... Krishnamurti speaks about that. He says that when you are in mindfulness state, it is easier that later, when your mind decide freely to think, in that moment, the thoughts coming to your mind is clear (clearvoyance), and singular.
Sensosphere seems to evaporates also "extrasensorial perception", at least in the degree that now we have awareness of this big lap in western sciences, being covering now by Flesh, Sensosphere, and Shamanism, as a dynamic-body based science.