martes, 29 de abril de 2014

Chronica Naturae

Último número:
Chronica naturae, 4 (2014).  ISSN: 2253-6280
La divulgación científica como herramienta al servicio de la educación ambiental.
Comité editorial de Chronica naturae.
Chronica naturae, 4: 4-5 (2014).

“La conservación de los océanos, una responsabilidad colectiva: pasado, presente y futuro”.
Entrevista a Xavier Pastor. Director ejecutivo de OCEANA-Europa.
Chronica naturae, 4: 6-9 (2014).
Esperando la invernada del Mirlo Capiblanco: la clave de la dispersión de semillas del Cedro Canario en el Parque Nacional del Teide.
Beatriz Rumeu y Manuel Nogales. Island Ecology and Evolution Research Group, IPNA-CSIC / Real Jardín Botánico (RJB-CSIC).
Chronica naturae, 4: 10-20 (2014).
Estacionalidad y colonización de Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea en espacios naturales protegidos marinos de la Comunidad Valenciana.
A. M. EnguixJ. ArgenteJ. ChicharroZ. FerrerV. Castañer. Conselleria de Infraestructuras, Territorio y Medio Ambiente de la Generalitat Valenciana / Equipo de trabajo en medio marino, Vaersa.
Chronica naturae, 4: 21-33 (2014).
Biodiversidad marina en sustratos artificiales y naturales litorales de la Isla de Tenerife.
Jose A. Sanabria-FernandezDaniel Hernández-PérezRodrigo RieraNéstor Sánchez-Martínez1Mikel A. BecerroThe BITES lab, Instituto de Productos Naturales y Agrobiología de La Laguna (IPNA-CSIC) / Centro de Investigaciones Medioambientales del Atlántico (CIMA, SL).
Chronica naturae, 4: 34-40 (2014).
Estudio de la alimentación de aves insectívoras en parques urbanos como control biológico de posibles plagas.
Sandra Goded MillánAlmudena Vargas Palmero e Ignacio Otero Cañas. GREFA (Grupo para la Recuperación de la Fauna Autóctona y su Hábitat).
Chronica naturae, 4: 41-50 (2014).
El valor de la tortuga marina. Impacto social y económico del programa de conservación e investigación de tortugas marinas de la Fundación Corcovado en Bahía Drake.
Daniel González Paredes y David Melero Duro. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, (UCSD). CMBC, Center for Marine Biodiversity & Conservation. / Asociación Hombre y Territorio. / Iniciativa Carey del Pacífico Oriental (ICAPO).
Chronica naturae, 4: 51-65 (2014).
Problemática de las basuras marinas en España —El proyecto MARNOBA y la experiencia en la Demarcación marina del Estrecho y Alborán.
Pilar ZorzoEstíbaliz López-Samaniego y F. Javier Miranda. KAI Marine Services / Asociación Vertidos Cero
Chronica naturae, 4: 66-74 (2014).

jueves, 24 de abril de 2014


هو الترابط غير مفهومة؟ , IS互联难以理解?, Interconnectedness समझ से बाहर है?

INTERCONNECTEDNESS is Multidimensional and DO Is INCOMPREHENSIBLE for those mindsdomesticated in PLANILAND (where exist only one-to-two dimensions) 

Planilandia in Spanish: 

Planiland in  English‎ 

 URL        :
Posted     : April 23, 2014 at 9:05 pm
Author     : hbgelatt
Categories : Beliefs

Maybe It Is So Good We Can’t Understand It

Reality may not be structured in any way the human mind can objectively discern.
Quantum Physics

System science taught us that the whole is equal to more than the sun of its parts.
As I was beginning to understand that, quantum physics now tells us that each part
IS the whole. How are we expected to understand that? I believe we can’t totally
understand the complexity of a world where everything is connected to everything
else in an unbroken wholeness.

How does brain activity give rise to subjective experience was once considered “the
hard problem of science”. The reason subjective experience is hard for science is
because we don’t totally understand how human consciousness is interconnected to the
physical world. Today another hard problem for science is interconnectedness.

One reason interconnectedness is difficult to grasp is that we can never see the
whole because “In all visible things there is a hidden wholeness” Thomas Merton. The
interconnectedness of everything means there is always a hidden wholeness in our
vision because we can’t see everything; this is our “wholeness blindness”.

Although we can’t see or know the whole in one, we can try to imagine it. I think
the interconnectedness of everything is a wonderful mystery to be lived. This
mystery is the reason sciences and religions were invented. Maybe both now are
beginning to realize that neither has yet completely solved the mystery. I think the
mystery of interconnectedness is too good to abandon. We should embrace all of its
complexity and enjoy living the mystery and learning from it.

Repeating a story told by Niels Bohr, one of the founding fathers of quantum
physics, will explain my subtitle. The story is about a young student attending
three lectures by a very famous rabbi. The student said the first lecture was very
good, he understood everything.   second lecture was much better --- the student
didn’t understand it but the rabbi understood everything. The third lecture was the
best of all; it was so good that even the rabbi didn’t understand it.

Bohr tells this story because he says he never understood quantum physics, even
though he helped create it. If Bohr can’t understand quantum physics, how can you
and I? Each person’s reality may be so complex, so changeable, so connected (so
good) that human consciousness cannot comprehend it.



वैश्विक विज्ञान, वैश्विक राजनीति, 
GLOBAL  العلم والسياسة العالمية


Scientific and technological advancements, from cell phones to vaccines to
nuclear power plants to genetically modified organisms, are progressing rapidly and
profoundly affect both developed and developing countries. In this class, we will
investigate claims of expertise, evidence, intellectual property, and development through
case studies such as sex selection, genetically modified organisms, nuclear energy and
biosecurity, and ask some of the following questions: How do governments balance
tensions between promoting its own national interests and cooperating with the
international community? What happens to politics when state officials fail to inform
citizens of real threats to life? What are the moral and political consequences of remedies
available in the wake of technological disasters (such as the Bhopal chemical leak and the
Chernobyl nuclear reactor explosion)? How does the global nature of science affect the
outputs of science? This course examines the moral and political dimensions of science in
local and global communities.


Para leer Más:

Aakash Tablet

आकाश टैबलेट, بياناتي Aakash اللوحي, 阿卡什平板, 

Aakash a.k.a Ubislate 7+,[2] is an Android-based tablet computerspromoted by Government of India as part of an initiative to link 25,000 colleges and 400 universities in an e-learning program.[3] It is produced by the British-Canadian company DataWind.[4] It is manufactured by the India-based company Quad, at a new production centre in Hyderabad,[5]with a planned trial run of 100,000 units.[6] The tablet was officially launched as the Aakash in New Delhi on 5 October 2011. The IndianMinistry of Human Resource Development announced an upgraded second-generation model called Aakash 2 in April 2012.[7]

The Aakash is a low-cost tablet computer with a 7-inch touch screen,ARM 11 processor and 256 MB RAM[8] running under the Android 2.2 operating system. It has two universal serial bus (USB) ports[6] and delivers high definition (HD) quality video.[8] For applications, the Aakash will have access to Getjar, an independent market, rather than the Android Market.[6][9]
Originally projected as a "$35 laptop",[10] the device will be sold to the Government of India and distributed to university students – initially at US$50[6] until further orders are received and projected eventually to achieve the target $35 price. A commercial version of Aakash is currently marketed as UbiSlate 7+[11] at a price of $60.[12] The Aakash 2, codenamed UbiSlate 7C, was released on 11 November 2012[13] and has a configuration that is an improvement over previous versions. The tablet will be sold to MHRD at a cost of Rs.2263 and subsidised to Rs.1130 for students.[14]


The device was initially called the Sakshat tablet, later changed toAakash , which is derived from the Sanskrit word Akasha (Devanagariआकाश) with several related meanings, aether, empty space, and outer space. The word in Hindi means "sky".[8][15]


The aspiration to create a "Made in India" computer was first reflected in a prototype "Simputer" that was produced in small numbers. Bangalore based CPSU, Bharat Electronics Ltd manufactured around 5,000 Simputers for Indian customers from 2002–07. In 2011, Kapil Sibalannounced an anticipated low-cost computing device to compete with the One Laptop per Child (OLPC) initiative, though intended for urban college students rather than the OLPC's rural, underprivileged students.[16]
A year later, the MHRD announced that the low-cost computer would be launched in six weeks. Nine weeks later, the MHRD showcased a tablet named "Aakash", not nearly what had been projected and at US$60 rather than the projected $35. "NDTV" reported that the new low-cost tablet was considerably less able than the previously shown prototype and was going to cost about twice as much.[17]
While it was once projected as a laptop computer, the design has evolved into a tablet computer. At the inauguration of the national Mission on Education Programme organised by the Union HRD Ministry in 2009, joint secretary N. K. Sinha had said that the computing device is 10 inches (which is around 25.5 cm) long and 5 inches (12.5 cm) wide and priced at around $30.[18]
India's Minister of Human Resource Development, Kapil Sibal, unveiled a prototype on 22 July 2010, which was later given out to 500 college students to collect feedback.[19] The price of the device exhibited was projected at $35, eventually to drop to $20 and ultimately to $10.[3][20][21] After the device was unveiled, OLPC chairman Nicholas Negroponte offered full access to OLPC technology at no cost to the Indian team.[22]
The tablet was shown on the television program "Gadget Guru" aired on NDTV in August 2010,[23] when it was shown to have 256 MB RAM and 2 GB of internal flash-memory storage and demonstrated running the Android operating system featuring video playback, internal Wi-Fi and cellular data via an external 3G modem.[24] + The device was developed as part of the country's aim to link 25,000 colleges and 400 universities in an e-learning program.[3] Originally projected as a "$35 laptop",[10] the device was planned to be sold to the Government of India and distributed to university students – initially at US$50[6] until further orders are received and projected eventually to achieve the target $35 price.
A commercial version was eventually released online as the UbiSlate7 tablet PC at INR3000 (US$50) and the Ubislate7+ tablet PC at INR3500 (US$58)[12][25] on 11 November 2012[13] with plans to offer it at a subsidized cost for students of INR1130(US$19).[14] As of February 2012, DataWind had over 1,400,000 pre-orders, but had only shipped 10,000 units – 0.7% of orders.[26] As of November 2012, many customers who put in orders still had not received their computers and were offered refunds.[27]


As released on 5 October 2011, the Aakash features an overall size of 190.5 x 118.5 x 15.7 mm with a 180 millimetres (7.1 in) resistive touchscreen,[28] a weight of 350 grams (12 oz) and using the Android 2.2 operating system with access to the proprietary marketplace Getjar (not the Android Market), developed by DataWind.
The processor runs at 366 MHz; there is a graphics accelerator and HD video coprocessor. The tablet has 256 MB RAM, amicro SD slot with a 2 GB Micro SD card (expandable to 32 GB), two USB ports, a 3.5 mm audio output and input jack, a 2100 mAh battery, Wi-Fi capability, a browser developed by DataWind, and an internal cellular and Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) modem. Power consumption is 2 watts, and there is a solar charging option.
The Aakash is designed to support various document (DOC, DOCX, PPT, PPTX, XLS, XLSX, ODT, ODP,PDF), image (PNG, JPG, BMP and GIF), audio (MP3, AAC, AC3, WAV, WMA) and video (MPEG2, MPEG4, AVI, FLV) file formats and includes an application for access to YouTube video content.[3][23][29][30][31][32]
Comparison of past and present Aakash tablets
Tablet nameCompanyPrice (INR)CPU speedInternal Storage (RAM)External Storage (SD Card)BatteryOperating systemNetworkPhone CallScreenAndroid StoreLaunch DateManufactured in
SakshatHCL2,200366 MHz256 MB2 GB2100 mAhAndroid 2.2 FroyoWi-Fi onlyVoIP only800x480 px Resistive screenNoCanceledIndia
Aakash / Ubislate 7Datawind2,500ARM11, 366 MHz256 MB2 GB (expandable up to 32 GB)2100 mAhAndroid 2.2 FroyoWi-Fi onlyVoIP onlyResistiveNoDecember 2011China
UbiSlate 7+
Datawind3,000ARM 11, 366 MHz256 MB4 GB (expandable up to 32 GB)3000 mAhAndroid 2.3 GingerbreadWi-Fi + GPRS phone networkYesResistiveNoApril 2012China
Ubislate 7Ri
Datawind-ARM Cortex-A8, 1 GHz512 MB4 GB (expandable up to 32 GB)3000 mAhAndroid 4.0.3 Ice Cream SandwichWi-FiVoIP onlyResistiveYesApril 2012China
Ubislate 7R+
Datawind-ARM Cortex-A8, 1 GHz512 MB 4GB (expandable up to 32 GB)3000 mAhAndroid 4.0.3 Ice Cream SandwichWi-Fi + GPRS Phone NetworkYesResistiveYesApril 2012China[33]
Aakash 2, UbiSlate 7CiDatawind3999ARM Cortex-A8, 1 GHz512 MB4 GB (expandable up to 32 GB)3000 mAh, 3hrs battery timeAndroid 4.0 Ice Cream SandwichWi-Fi onlyVoIP only7-inch, 800×480 px capacitive displayYes11 November 2012
Aakash 3, UbiSlate 7C+(EDGE)Datawind4999ARM Cortex-A8, 1 GHz512 MB4 GB (expandable up to 32 GB)3000 mAh, 3hrs battery timeAndroid 4.0.3 Ice Cream SandwichWi-Fi + GPRSYes7-inch, 800×480 px capacitive displayYes11 November 2012
Storage: Some of the above tablets will have a micro-SD slot, and a 2 GB micro-SD flash memory card, upgradable to 32 GB, to store user data and programs not run from ROM. In Android 2.3 some applications' data can be moved from the ROM to the memory card.
MemoryROM size has apparently not been stated by Datawind, but is estimated to be either 256 MB or 2 GB.[34] Both tablets have graphics processing cards, but the graphics memory size and GPU speed have not been stated .
Google Android Market: Aakash has no SIM card and insufficient processing power to use Google's Android Market, and will instead use the GetJar Marketplace. Aakash 2 will have access to Google's Android Market confirmed by Google.
Network: Aakash supports wireless local area network (wireless LAN or Wi-Fi). It does not support any cellular networks. In addition to Wi-Fi, UbiSlate-7+ has GPRS Internet connection, a second generation Internet connection. External 3G USB modem is not supported.


Preloaded applications:
  • (Internet) Browser
  • Calculator
  • notepad
  • Calendar
  • Camera
  • Clock
  • Contacts
  • DatawindPkgeManager
  • DevTools
  • Email
  • Gallery
  • Messaging
  • Music
  • Note pad
  • Phone
  • Quick pic (?)
  • Search
  • Settings
  • Spare Parts
  • One-Learn (CBSE CLASS 8-12 )
Note: UbiSlate 7 Series Tablets are not pre-loaded with any File Explorer or Android Store.


DataWind announced that their browser will use data compression technology to speed up data transmission. While pre-compressed data such as ZIP files, JPEG images, MP3 audio, MPEG video will not show significantly improved transmission speeds, uncompressed data will be transmitted in as little as one sixth the time, depending upon how efficiently it can be compressed. If and when successfully combined with Server-side web compression1G Analog Internet service might actually be able to compete with 2G or 3G digital internet service. Datawind claims that their browser can give up to 30 times faster speeds.[35]

In the Box[edit]

  • Mobile Internet Device (Tablet)
  • AC Adapter (Charger)
  • Quick Start Guide
  • Welcome Card
  • Warranty Card
Welcome statement

Development and testing[edit]

Kapil Sibal has stated that a million devices would be made available to students in 2011. The devices will be manufactured at a cost of INR1500 (€23 Euro) each, half of which will be paid by the government and half by the institutions that would use it.[23][36] In January 2011, the company initially chosen to build the Sakshat, HCL Infosystems, failed to provide evidence that they had at least INR600 million ($12.2 million) in bank guaranteed funds, as required by the Indian government, which has allocated $6.5 million to the project. As a result, the government put the project out for bidding again.[37]
In June 2011,the HRD announced that it received a few samples from the production process which are under testing. Also it mentions that each state in India provided 3000 samples for testing on their functionality, utility and durability in field conditions.[38] The Government of India announced that 10,000 (Sakshat) tablet will be delivered to schools and colleges by late June and over the next four months 90,000 more would be made available at a price of INR2500 device. Government will subsidize the cost by about 50%, so a student would have to pay less than INR1,500 for the device.[39] Indian Ministry of Education is releasing educational videos in conjunction with IGNOU and at This preparation of content is meant for students with access to the Internet, India's first law-biding Online Video Library.
Software Development
DataWind, the maker of Aakash, has announced a contest for students wherein their best applications will be embedded in the Ubislate(Aakash Tablet). Top 5 application winners will be awarded Rs 100,000 each.[40] Nasscom Foundation has partnered with DataWind and announced a contest wherein 10 NGOs will have an opportunity to win 20 tablets each, mainly to improve their operations and programme implementation.
Hardware Development
IIT-Rajasthan's specifications were 1.2 GHz CPU and 700 MB RAM. It wanted the tablet to work after steep falls and inMonsoon season, making the cost over Rs 5000.[41] So responsibility of drafting specifications will be shifted to IIT Mumbai, IIT Madras and IIT Kanpur[42] while PSUs are being considered for procurement of the Aakash Tablet.[43] Aakash 2 could have the 1 GB RAM, Capacitive TouchScreen Panel and a front facing camera of VGA Quality (0.3MP), capable of capturing video, that was announced earlier by Kapil Sibal. This version of tablet may be announced only after October 2012, because of low funds in procuring the raw material for assembling and also setting up of assembling plant at Noida and Coimbatore. The Govt. officials say that the tablet may not be realised due to the pressure from various institutes and meagre support from the Indian Government in regard to the funds regarding the process of the tablet procurement and assembly of the same.
35% of hardware components were sourced from South Korea, 25% from China, 16% from the USA, 16% from India and 8% from other countries.[44]


Problems such as low memory, frequent system freezes, poor sound quality, absence of support for all formats and inability to install free software available online were also cited by users.[45] Technical commentator Prasanto Roy criticised issues such as a low battery life, an insufficient 7" screen and absence of training and support infrastructure, especially in rural areas.[46] UbiSlate 7+ will be released by 2012. The producer has finalized the improvements of Aakash.[45]
After receiving feedback of the early release model from over 500 users from educational institutions, DataWind announced the next iteration that will have a new microprocessor of 700 MHz versus the original 366 MHz processor. This will improve the speed of the tablet and solve the existing problems of quick overheating, frequent system freeze, poor sound quality, absence of support for all formats and the inability to install free online software.[45] The amount of memory, storage, and USB ports will remain the same.
On 16 December 2011, DataWind opened Aakash ordering online in their official website at INR2500 with one week delivery time and cash on delivery facility and its upgraded version Ubislate 7+ is available for pre-order at INR2999.[47] On 19 December 2011, DataWind reported that the first phase of Aakash tablet had been sold out completely,[48] just three days since it was opened for Online order. UbiSlate 7+ production capacity of January, February and March has already been sold. Now, April production is open for pre-Booking.[49] By 3 January 2012 1.4 million orders had been received since the UbiSlate 7+ was put up for sale online.[50] By the end of January 2012 pre-orders for UbiSlate 7+ have crossed two million.[51] By 13 April 2012, Datawind severed connection with its supplier Quad,[52] further delaying the assembly of UbiSlate 7+. While Quad claims DataWind hasn’t paid it, the Canadian company alleges that its former partner infringed its intellectual property rights by trying to sell directly to the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Rajasthan.[53]
In the November 2012 issue of PCQuest (magazine), some letters described Datawind to be a fraud company and the users want to sue the company in consumer court.[why?]


On 26 April 2012 Datawind launched UbiSlate 7+ and Ubislate 7C tablet in physical stores at Delhi.[54] Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) has announced the plan to launch LTE(4G) Tablet between INR3500–5000, with low cost Internet service.[55]This tablet will be an upgraded version of Aakash developed by DataWind.[56] Indian Govt. HRD has revealed that Aakash 2 will be announced in May 2012. Hindustan Computers Limited (HCL), Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), DataWind, Wishtel, and Telmoco Development Labs are Interested in bidding at the Aakash 2 contract auction.
The low cost Akash tablet is under trials in IIT Bombay and is being tested against the new specifications.[57]
Indian government hopes also to produce Aakash for export market. On a visit to Turkmenistan in September 2012, the Indian telecom Minister Kapil Sibal, suggested forming a joint venture company which may manufacture Aakash. In this joint venture, Indian side would design the necessary hardware and software of the tablet fulfilling the Turkmen side needs. Besides supplying the low-cost tablets, the joint venture company could market the product to other international markets.[58]
According to allegations made in the Hindustan Times, the Tuli brothers "may have" procured these devices off-the-shelf from manufacturers in China and sold them to the Indian government at the purchase price.[33] Suneet Singh Tuli, CEO of DataWind however insisted that only the manufacture of the motherboards were subcontracted to Chinese manufacturers, following which the components were placed in DIY kits which DataWind assembled and sold to the Indian government HRD.[33][59] Chinese manufacturers allege that they sold "ready-to-use" tablets to Datawind, and that they manufactured the touch screens as well. Tuli, however, insists that the touch screens were manufactured by DataWind in Canada.


Other low cost tablets compete against Datawind's UbiSlate 7 series tablets.
SpecificationsMe Tablet U1Smart Tab 1Funbook3G Tab V9AGalaxy Tab 2(310)Wammy 7
CompanyHCL[60]Karbonn Mobiles[61]Micromax Mobile[62]Reliance[63]Samsung India[64]Wicked Leak[65]
Operating systemAndroid 4.0 ICSAndroid 4.0 ICSAndroid 4.0 ICSAndroid 2.3 GingerbreadAndroid 4.0 ICSAndroid 4.0 ICS
Central processor unitspeedCortex A8, 1.2 GHzCortex A8, 1.2 GHzCortex A8, 1.2 GHz with Dual Mali-2D/3D Graphics Processor1.4 GHz1.0 GHz(Dual core)Cortex A8, 1.2 GHz with Dual Mali-2D/3D Graphics Processor
Random-access memory512 MB512 MB512 MB512 MB1 GB512 MB
Internal storage/external storage4GB/expandable up to 32 GB4GB/expandable up to 32 GB4GB NAND/expandable up to 32 GB4GB/expandable up to 32 GB16GB/expandable up to 32 GB4GB/expandable up to 32 GB
Screen7" Display capacitive touch screen7" Display Capacitive 5 Point Multi Touch Screen7" Display Multi touch capacitive screen with pinch zoom(16:9 display ratio)7" Display Capacitive 5 Point Multi Touch Screen7" Display capacitive touch screen7" Display Multi touch capacitive screen with pinch zoom(16:9 display ratio)
Pixel resolution800x480 Pixel density800x480 Pixel density800x480 Pixel density1024*600Pixel density1024*600Pixel density800x480 Pixel density
Battery3600 mAh3700 mAh2800 mAh3400 mAh4000 mAh3000 mAh
NetworkWi-Fi + 3G dongle support via USBWi-Fi + 3G dongle support via USBWi-Fi + 3G dongle support via USBWi-Fi + 3GWi-Fi + 3GWi-Fi + 3G dongle support via USB
Phone CallNoNoNoYes + video callingYes + video callingNo
Camera0.3 MP Front Camera2 Mega Pixel Front CameraVGA Front CameraDual camera (0.3 MP front,3.0 MP Rear)Dual camera (VGA front,3.0 MP Rear)0.3 MP Front Camera
User InterfaceG-sensor3D G-SensorG-sensor and accelerator sensorG-sensorG-sensorG-sensor and accelerator sensor
App StoreME App StoreNo infoGoogle play StoreGoogle play Store + reliance worldGoogle play Store + Samsung APP storeGoogle play Store
Other features1- HDMI(out) port, 1- Full USB port, 1- Mini USB port, 3.5mm audio jack1- HDMI port(out), 1- Full USB port, 3.5mm audio jack1- HDMI port(out), 1- Mini USB port, 3.5mm audio jack1- HDMI port(out), 1- Mini USB port, 3.5mm audio jack, FM Radio, GPS Receiver,Compass, Blue Tooth 2.11- HDMI port(out), 1- Mini USB port, 3.5mm audio jack, A-GPS, Accelerometer, Digital compass, Light Proximity, Blue Tooth 3.01- HDMI port(out), 1- Full USB port, 3.5mm audio jack, SD Card Slot
Launch DateJuly 2012July 2012July 2012July 2012July 2012July 2012
Made – countryNo infoMade in IndiaMade in IndiaNo infoNo infoChina

See also[edit]


  1. Jump up^ Harsimran Julka, ET Bureau (2 June 2012). "Aakash 2, the cheapest tablet PC, misses May-end deadline"The Economic Times. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
  2. Jump up to:a b Android Tablet| Smartphone Tablet Pc With SIM Slot Price In India. (2012-09-20). Retrieved on 2013-12-09.
  3. Jump up to:a b c d "India unveils prototype for $35 touch-screen computer". BBC World news-South Asia. 23 July 2010.Archived from the original on 24 July 2010. Retrieved 25 July 2010.
  4. Jump up^ Kurup, Saira (9 October 2011). "'We want to target the billion Indians who are cut off'"Times of India. Retrieved 9 October 2011.
  5. Jump up^ Timmons, Heather (6 October 2011). "Aiming for the Other One Billion"New York Times.
  6. Jump up to:a b c d e "Meet Aakash, India’s $35 ‘Laptop’". New York Times, 5 October 2011, Pamposh Raina and Heather Timmons. 5 October 2011.
  7. Jump up^ Budki, Sandeep (18 January 2012). "Datawind loses government edge". Retrieved 31 July 2012.
  8. Jump up to:a b c "Aakash tablet will end ‘digital divide’". Montreal Gazette, Jason Magder, 6 October 2011.
  9. Jump up^ "Aakash: We want to target the billion Indians who are cut off, says Suneet Singh Tuli, CEO of DataWind". Economic Times, 9 October 2011, Saira Kurup. 9 October 2011.
  10. Jump up to:a b "Low Cost access –Cum-Computing Device Unveiled by Kapil Sibal". Press Information Bureau. Retrieved 22 July 2010.
  11. Jump up^ "DataWind rebrands UbiSlate 7 as UbiSlate 7+".
  12. Jump up to:a b "Aakash: World's cheapest tablet launched; to be sold for $60 in retail"Economic Times (India). 5 October 2011.
  13. Jump up to:a b "President Unveils Aakash Version 2.0 Tablet on National Education Day Launches Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Education for Peace and Sustainable Development". Press Information Bureau, Government of India. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  14. Jump up to:a b "Low-cost Aakash 2 tablet launched in India at Rs 1,130" Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  15. Jump up^ "India Announces World’s Cheapest Tablet". India Real Time, viaThe Wall Street Journal, Tripti Lahiri, 5 October 2011. 5 October 2011.
  16. Jump up^
  17. Jump up^ "Show » The Aakash: Not $35 But Still India’s Cheapest Tablet » $35 tablet: From prototype to reality". NDTV. 5 October 2011. Retrieved 1 November 2011.
  18. Jump up^ India to unveil the £7 laptopThe Guardian, 2 February 2009
  19. Jump up^ Aakash Tablet Hands On – Full ReviewMashGeek, 18 May 2012
  20. Jump up^ "Why India's $35 computer joke isn't funny"The Economic Times (New Dehli). 25 July 2010. Retrieved 25 July 2010.[dead link]
  21. Jump up^ PIB Press Release PIB Retrieved 26 July 2010
  22. Jump up^ "OLPC's Negroponte supports India's $35 tablet concept". 9 August 2010. Retrieved 14 August 2010.
  23. Jump up to:a b c NDTV Gadget Guru Gadget Guru exclusive: ,5 laptop is here. Retrieved 13 August 2010
  24. Jump up^ "Aakash: World's Cheapest Tablet is here". 5 October 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2011.
  25. Jump up^ UbiSlate device specifications, Retrieved on 1 March 2013.
  26. Jump up^ Aakash lurches toward another crisis as India loses patience with DataWind Engadget, Retrieved on 1 March 2013.
  27. Jump up^ Datawind to clear all paid orders for Aakash in 6 weeksThe Hindu Business Line, Retrieved on 1 March 2013.
  28. Jump up^ "Hands On: India’s $35 Aakash Android tablet lands in America (exclusive)". VentureBeat. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
  29. Jump up^ "UbiSurfer Browser of India’s Aakash Android Tablet". Gary, Mark.
  30. Jump up^ "India's $35 tablet is here, for real. Called Aakash, costs $60". Engadget. Retrieved 5 October 2011.
  31. Jump up^ "Aakash Tablet Hands on Review". Hungry N Foolish. Retrieved 6 October 2011.
  32. Jump up^ Halliday, Josh (23 July 2010). "India unveils cheapest laptop"The Guardian (London). Archived from the original on 25 July 2010. Retrieved 25 July 2010.
  33. Jump up to:a b c Conned: Aakash 2 made in China?
  34. Jump up^ 2 GB internal flash memory in the specification could be the ROM.
  35. Jump up^ "Datawind press release". 5 October 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
  36. Jump up^ Guardin-India untiels cheapest laptop Retrieved 25 July 2010
  37. Jump up^ Harsimran Julka & Gulveen Aulakh, "Tender for $35 laptop project cancelled"The Economic Times, 18 January 2011. News clipping by Pragadeesh Sekar on public interest
  38. Jump up^ "HRD press release". Retrieved 30 December 2011.
  39. Jump up^ "News Article about launch". Retrieved 30 December 2011.
  40. Jump up^ "Develop apps for Aakash, get rewarded"Times of India. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
  41. Jump up^ "Light Reading India – 4G/LTE – Is the Aakash Dream Over? – Telecom". Retrieved 31 July 2012.
  42. Jump up^ "Aakash Tablet: 3 more IITs to work for making it cheaper | TruthDiveTruthDive". Retrieved 31 July 2012.
  43. Jump up^ Nigavekar, Arun. "Clouds of doubt over Aakash". Retrieved 31 July 2012.
  44. Jump up^ "Aakash Tablet's commercial variant in November".Hindustan Times. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
  45. Jump up to:a b c Chauhan, Chetan (3 November 2011). "Better, faster Aakash-2 to be launched in Feb 2012". Hindustan Times, New Delhi.
  46. Jump up^ "Why India's Cheap Tablet May Not Work Out". 31 October 2011. The cheapest mobile handset doesn't compromise on the basics: calls, SMS, battery life. Nor does the Tata Nano. The Aakash does
  47. Jump up^ "World's cheapest tablet Aakash goes on sale for Rs 2500 Online with One week Delivery-". Retrieved 17 December 2011.
  48. Jump up^ "World's Cheapest Tablet – Aakash sold out". Retrieved 19 December 2011.
  49. Jump up^ Ubislate official website. Retrieved 31 December 2011.
  50. Jump up^ "1.4 million orders for world's cheapest tablet in India". AFP. 3 January 2012. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
  51. Jump up^ Tuli, Suneet Singh. "UbiSlate 7+" DataWind Ltd. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
  52. Jump up^ "Datawind breaks ties with supplier, Aakash delayed". 14 April 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
  53. Jump up^ "New twist in Aakash tablet controversy". 13 April 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
  54. Jump up^ "Ubislate 7C". 25 April 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
  55. Jump up^ "RIL to Hit Data Services Market with 4G Technology on RS. 3500 Tablet". Reliance Industries. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
  56. Jump up^ "Datawind,RIL talk on Chepaset Tab". Business-Standard. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
  57. Jump up^ "Aakash: IIT-Bombay testing upgraded version"The Times Of India. 13 June 2012.
  58. Jump up^ "India Proposes JV with Turkmenistan to Manufacture Aakash"The Gazette of Central Asia (Satrapia). 19 September 2012.
  59. Jump up^ Govt paid for specs, not Chinese parts in Aakash 2: Datawind. Firstpost. Retrieved on 2013-12-09.
  60. Jump up^ "HCL ME Tablet". HCL. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
  61. Jump up^ "Karbonn Smart Tablet". Karbonn. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
  62. Jump up^ "MIcromax Tablets". Micromax. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
  63. Jump up^ "Reliance Tab". Reliance communications. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
  64. Jump up^ "Samsung Tab 2". Samsung India. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
  65. Jump up^ "Wicked Leak's Wammy 7". Wickedleak India. Retrieved 10 August 2012.

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